About Georgia – General data
Official name: Georgia
Local Name: Sak’art’velo
Location & Size: Georgia is set at the cross-roads of Europe and Asia. regarding the dimensions of Schweiz it occupies sixty nine.700 sq. kilometer between the Black and Caspian Seas. It borders Turkey: 252 kilometer, Russia: 723 kilometer, Armenia: 164 kilometer and Azerbaijan: 322 kilometer.
Capital: capital, 1.3 million
Government: Presidential commonwealth
Georgia has additionally twelve regions
(the names of cities square measure in parenthesis)
· state (Sokhumi)
· Adjaria (Batumi)
· Guria (Ozurgeti)
· Imereti (Kutaisi)
· Kakheti (Telavi)
· Kvemo Kartli (Rustavi)
· Mtskheta-Mtianeti (Mtskheta)
· Racha-Lechkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti ( Ambrolauri)
· Samegrelo-Zemo sSvaneti ( Zugdidi)
· Samtskhe-Javakheti (Akhaltsikhe)
· Shida Kartli (Gori)
· capital (Tbilisi)
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Georgian (71%), that is over two,000 years recent and with its own alphabet.
Other languages: Russian 9%; Armenian 7%; Azeri 6 June 1944
POPULATION: four.9 million
ETHNIC GROUPS: Georgian seventy seven.1%; Armenian six.1%; Russian four.3%; Azeri five.7%; Abkhaz one.8%; alternative five-hitter
RELIGION: Main faith is Georgian Orthodox : seventy six %; Russian Orthodox 8%; Muslim 7%; Armenian Apostolic 6%; Catholic 1 Chronicles, Hebrew 1%, Others 1%.
ELECTRICITY: 200v AC. 50Hz. normal European switchers.
COUNTRY CODE: GEO
INTERNET CODE: .ge
TIME ZONE: Summer time + three time
Winter time: + four time
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About Georgia – geographics
Situated at the cross-roads of Europe and Asia, within the central and western a part of Transcaucasia, Georgia is one in all the foremost ancient countries within the world with space of sixty nine.700 sq. kilometer between the Black and Caspian seas. Its population is regarding four,9 million folks.
In the north, Georgia encompasses a 723 kilometer common border with Russia, specifically with the Northern Caucasus administrative district. Georgia additionally shares borders with Asian country (322 kilometer.) to the south-east, Asian country (164 kilometer.) to the south, and Turkey (252km.) to the south-west.
Georgia encompasses a made scenic selection, the variety of the natural resources of Georgia is decided by its geographical location: mountains square measure dominant geographic feature of Georgia. The Likhi vary divides the country into japanese and western halves. traditionally, the western portion of Georgia was referred to asgeographic region whereas the japanese tableland was known as peninsula. thanks to a fancy geographic setting, mountains additionally isolate the northern region of Svaneti from the remainder of Georgia.
The larger Caucasus mountain chain separates Georgia from the North Caucasian Republics of the country.
The southern portion of the country is finite by the Lesser mountain range. the most Caucasus vary is far higher in elevation than the Lesser mountain range, with the best peaks rising quite five,000 meters (16,400ft.) on top ofwater level. the best mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at five,201 meters (17,059 feet), and therefore thesecond highest is Mount Janga (Jangi-Tau) at five,051 meters on top of water level. alternative outstanding peaks embrace Kazbegi (Kazbek) at five,047 meters (16,554 feet), Tetnuldi (4,974m.) Mt. Ushba (4,710m.0, ) and Ailama (4,525m. ). Out of the abovementioned peaks, solely Kazbegi is of volcanic origin. The region between Kazbegi and Skhara (a distance of regarding 200km.along the most Caucasus Range) is dominated by varied glaciers. The Lesser mountain range square measure created from varied, interconnected mountain ranges (largely of volcanic origin) that don’t exceed, 3,400 meters. outstanding options of the world embrace the Javakheti Volcanic tableland, varied lakes, together with Tabatskuri and Paravani, similarly as drinking water and hot springs.
The population of Georgia chiefly inhabit the plains and valleys settled between the mountainous regions. The Lesser Caucasus vary, that runs parallel to the Turkish and Armenian borders, and therefore the Surami and Imereti ranges, that connect the larger Caucasus and therefore the Lesser Caucasus, produce natural barriers that square measure partially chargeable for cultural and linguistic variations among regions. Its western coast is outlined by the sea coast. sea creates favorable conditions for recreational touristry. traveler season at the seacoast lasts for five months